Catch 22. If I don’t see you, you are invisible. If I do see you, you are seen as a threat…
32. Some preliminary experimental data suggests that when White females are primed for interpersonal goals (romantic partner, friend, neighbor, coworker) and then given a visual awareness task, they were more likely to overlook African-American males than White males on a diminishing scale based on the personalness of the goal. By contrast, when there is no priming, African-Americans were marginally more likely to be seen, the hypothesis being that they become salient as a threat. Jazmin L. Brown-Iannuzzi et al., The Invisible Man: Interpersonal Goals Moderate Inattentional
Blindness to African Americans, 143 J. EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOL.: GEN. 33 (2013).
from: The Thirteenth Amendment, Disparate Impact, and
Empathy Deficits, Darrell A.H. Miller Seattle University Law Review [Vol. 39:847